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Learning Disabilities

Types of Learning Disorders and Their Signs

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Practical Parenting Tips for Home and School

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Learning Disabilities
What are learning disabilities?

There is nothing like the feeling of actually putting Sharpie-to-paper and physically crossing off a completed homework assignment! Consistency is crucial when it comes to motivating kids to get their work done. Create a specific homework space in your home. Try to avoid places of comfort, like the bed or a couch, where your child usually cuddles up to relax.

The last thing most kids want to do after a long school day is sit down and do more work. They need a break. Consider breaking down the assignments into manageable tasks with breaks in between.

Let your child help create that schedule. A little bit of control can go a long way toward feeling motivated. All kids are different, with or without learning disabilities, and some kids need more support than others along the way. Homework should not be a battle that affects the whole family. Donnell advises checking in with the teacher if your child is struggling. How much time does the teacher think the homework should take?

Stop your child at the end of that allotted time period, then draw a line or place-marker. By doing this, the teacher has an accurate read as to how much work was accomplished for a given amount of time. Donnell also suggests finding homework buddies at the beginning of the school year. Homework buddies can be a lifesaver!

Tutoring, counseling, and extra help at school are all good options for children with learning disabilities. It takes a team to help a child through the challenges of learning, but with the right support in place, children can really thrive. Children with math learning disorders might also have trouble with counting principles such as counting by twos or counting by fives or have difficulty telling time. Learning disabilities in writing can involve the physical act of writing or the mental activity of comprehending and synthesizing information.

Basic writing disorder refers to physical difficulty forming words and letters. Expressive writing disability indicates a struggle to organize thoughts on paper.

Symptoms of a written language learning disability revolve around the act of writing. They include problems with:. Other types of learning disabilities involve difficulties with motor skills movement and coordination , understanding spoken language, distinguishing between sounds, and interpreting visual information.

Motor difficulty refers to problems with movement and coordination whether it is with fine motor skills cutting, writing or gross motor skills running, jumping. In order to run, jump, write or cut something, the brain must be able to communicate with the necessary limbs to complete the action.

Signs that your child might have a motor coordination disability include problems with physical abilities that require hand-eye coordination, like holding a pencil or buttoning a shirt.

Language and communication learning disabilities involve the ability to understand or produce spoken language. Language is also considered an output activity because it requires organizing thoughts in the brain and calling upon the right words to verbally explain something or communicate with someone else.

Signs of a language-based learning disorder involve problems with verbal language skills, such as the ability to retell a story and the fluency of speech, as well as the ability to understand the meaning of words, parts of speech, directions, etc. An inability to distinguish subtle differences in sound, or hearing sounds at the wrong speed make it difficult to sound out words and understand the basic concepts of reading and writing.

Visual processing disorder — Problems in visual perception include missing subtle differences in shapes, reversing letters or numbers, skipping words, skipping lines, misperceiving depth or distance, or having problems with eye—hand coordination.

Dyspraxia Sensory Integration Disorder — Difficulty with fine motor skills. Auditory Processing Disorder — Difficulty hearing differences between sounds. Anxiety, depression, stressful events, emotional trauma, and other conditions affecting concentration make learning more of a challenge. In addition, ADHD and autism sometimes co-occur or are confused with learning disabilities.

Children with ADHD often have problems sitting still, staying focused, following instructions, staying organized, and completing homework. Guide to Symptoms and Diagnosis on the Autism Spectrum. Children with autism spectrum disorders may have trouble communicating, reading body language, learning basic skills, making friends, and making eye contact.

Using a telephone analogy, faulty wiring in the brain disrupts normal lines of communication and makes it difficult to process information easily. If service was down in a certain area of the city, the phone company might fix the problem by re-wiring the connections. Similarly, under the right learning conditions, the brain has the ability to reorganize itself by forming new neural connections.

These new connections facilitate skills like reading and writing that were difficult using the old connections. Science has made great strides in understanding the inner workings of the brain, and one important discovery that brings new hope for learning disabilities and disorders is called neuroplasticity.

Throughout life, the brain is able to form new connections and generate new brain cells in response to experience and learning. Innovative programs, such as the Arrowsmith program, use strategic brain exercises to identify and strengthen weak cognitive areas.

For example, for children who have difficulty distinguishing between different sounds in a word, there are new computer-based learning programs that slow down the sounds so that children can understand them and gradually increase their speed of comprehension.

These discoveries about neuroplasticity provide hope to all students with learning disorders, and further research may lead to additional new treatments that target the actual causes of learning disabilities, rather than simply offering coping strategies to compensate for weaknesses.

That said, you should trust your instincts. If you think something is wrong, listen to your gut. If you feel that a teacher or doctor is minimizing your concerns, seek a second opinion.

Keep in mind that finding someone who can help may take some time and effort. Even experts mix up learning disabilities with ADHD and other behavioral problems sometimes. You may have to look around a bit or try more than one professional. Leave that to the professionals. Focus instead on steps you can take to support your child and address his or her symptoms in practical ways. Diagnosing a learning disability is a process. It involves testing, history taking, and observation by a trained specialist.

Finding a reputable referral is important. And people who have trouble forming letters when they write may have dysgraphia say: Other kids may have language disorders, meaning they have trouble understanding language and understanding what they read.

It can be confusing, though. What qualifies as "trouble" enough to be diagnosed as a learning disability? Reading, doing math, and writing letters may be tough for lots of kids at first. Because most kids with ADHD can learn in school without special assistance, even though they may be easily distracted or have trouble sitting still in class.

What a kid needs to do is tell someone. Start with your teacher and your mom or dad. You might open your book to do an assignment and have no idea where to start.

They can give you some tests to spot any learning problems you might have. Once a psychologist or learning specialist figures out what your learning problem is, you both can start working on solutions.

When it comes to learning disabilities, look at the big picture

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If your child has a positive attitude about homework, it can reduce their resistance and potential struggle. The most important homework strategy for parents with children who have learning disabilities is to have an open line of communication with the child’s teachers.

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Parenting articles on learning psychology to assist parents in helping children and teens to succeed in school and in life. Help for reading problems & dyslexia, learning disabilities and homework. Learning style information helps parents encourage creativity and academic success. Parents should be each child’s first and favorite teacher.

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A child with a learning disability can struggle with homework after a long day of school and showcase their frustration through anger and tears. A parent who has to watch their child lament over these struggles can undergo their own stresses. To help your child – and you – avoid the headaches of getting through homework it is best to create a plan that helps them to focus on the task at hand. Homework Help The goal of this selection of resources is to help students and their parents with the important ongoing project of homework. Below are tools for helping with learning strategies, motivation, memory, reading comprehension, and mathematics.

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Students with learning disabilities are usually at a disadvantage academically, particularly when it comes to homework. Let's look at how teachers and parents can work together to help their. Homework for students with learning disabilities is increasingly problematic for three main reasons. First a call for increased academic standards across the nation has resulted in the development of curriculum and assessment standards for most content area classes.